Are these tapes in Color? Do they have Sound?
Generally all our videos are in color, and have sound. Those that have a
little black and white footage mixed in are noted as such, and videos that
have music are usually mentioned as well. For the most part contemporary
productions have color and live audio, except for some general audience
titles that have some music as noted. No video programs are completely
silent. There is music on some old films like the New Haven Videos, since
there was no train audio to go with them.
What do I do if the tape plays poorly?
The common problem is
tracking...There is a button on your VCR, or on the remote for the VCR that
says "Tracking". Since the video cassette was not made on YOUR video
machine, it may not line up 100% with yours. This does not happen often but
when you see a lot of snow at the top of bottom, the tracking will clear it
up normally. If tracking doesn't do the job, you may have a defective
tape(a rare occurrence), in which case you should return it along with the
GSVP invoice for a replacement.
What is PAL video?
PAL stands for Phase Alternation by Line, and was adopted in 1967. It has
625 horizontal lines making up the vertical resolution. 50 fields are
displayed and interlaced per second, making for a 25 frame per second
system. An advantage of this system is a more stable and consistent hue
(tint). PAL-M is used only in Brazil. It has 525 lines, at 30 frames per
PAL countries include:
Afghanistan, Algeria, Argentina (PAL-N), Australia,
Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belgium, Brunei, Cameroon, Canary Islands,
China, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ghana, Gibraltar, Greece (also
SECAM), Hong Kong, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy,
Jordan, Kenya, North Korea, Kuwait, Liberia, Luxembourg (also SECAM),
Madeira, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay (PAL-N),
Portugal, Qatar, Saudi Arabia (also SECAM), Sierra Leone, Singapore, South
Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Turkey,
Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay (PAL-N), Yemen (the
former Yemen Arab Republic was PAL, and the former People's Democratic
Republic of Yemen was NTSC ), Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
What is NTSC video?
NTSC stands for National Television System Committee, which devised the NTSC
television broadcast system in 1953. NTSC is also commonly used to refer to
one type of television signal that can be recorded on various tape formats
such as VHS, 3/4" U-matic and Betacam-SP.
The NTSC standard has a fixed vertical resolution of 525 horizontal lines
stacked on top of each other, with varying amounts of "lines" making up the
horizontal resolution, depending on the electronics and formats involved.
There are 59.94 fields displayed per second. A field is a set of even lines,
or odd lines. The odd and even fields are displayed sequentially, thus
interlacing the full frame. One full frame, therefore, is made of two
interlaced fields, and is displayed about every 1/30 of a second.
NTSC countries are:
USA, Antigua, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda,
Bolivia, Burma, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican
Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Greenland, Guam, Guatemala, Guyana,
Honduras, Jamaica, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles,
Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, St. Vincent & the
Grenadines, St. Kitts, Saipan, Samoa, Surinam, Taiwan, Tobago, Trinidad,
Venezuela, Virgin Islands.
The following countries were listed as Monochrome 625/50 in one resource:
Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea,
Ethiopia (or PAL or SECAM in other resources).
Multi-system VCR's - Many companies now offer mult-system video cassette
player/recorders that will play several formats of tape, including NTSC,
PAL, and SECAM. One simply changes a switch.